EFFIGY MOUNDS NATIONAL MONUMENT – Marquette, Iowa
Here visitors can view 200 prehistoric Native American burial and ceremonial mounds, dating from 500 B. C. to 1300 A. D. This is located on 1,500 acres of forested land along the Mississippi River bluffs. At the visitors center displays present background and history. Interpretative programs are available. The visitors center also has an auditorium. Outside one can find restored tall-grass prairies and wetlands and 11 miles of hiking trails.
The monument preserves 206 pre European contact American Indian mounds of which 31 are effigies in the shape of bears and birds. A unique “Effigy Mound” culture developed in this area of the Upper Midwest placing thousands of mounds in the shape of animals across the landscape. Others are conical, linear or compound shapes; many of the conical are burial mounds. Eastern Woodland Indians built mounds from about 500 BC until the early European contact period. As a sacred site to the modern descendants of the moundbuilders, park access is offered via fourteen miles of hiking trails; no self guiding roadways exist in the park.
Admission – Fee is charged
Directions – 3 miles north on State Highway 76
Hours – 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., daily except for Christmas Day (open until 7:00 p.m. in summer).
Credit Cards – None
Phone – (319) 873-3491